How to prevent kidney failure

Kidney is one of the delicate organs of the body.  It filters waste and extra fluid out of the blood so they come out of the blood as urine. A research found that 33% of adults in the world are at risk of developing kidney disease. Here, the main risk factors of kidney and how to prevent kidney failure will be discussed. 


The main risk factors of kidney disease 

  1. Diabetes 
  2. High blood pressure
  3. Heart disease
  4. Family history of kidney disease
  5. Obesity 

How to prevent kidney failure

You can prevent kidney diseases and its complications by managing the risk factors associated with it. Here are 10 Rules to lower your chances of getting kidney disease.

  1. Regular Checkups 
  2. Manage your blood sugar
  3. Control your blood pressure 
  4. Maintain a healthy weight
  5. Eat a hearty-healthy diet 
  6. Limit alcohol intake 
  7. Quit smoking
  8. Reduce salt intake 
  9. Exercise regularly 
  10. Drinking enough water 

Regular check-up

Visiting your doctor regularly for medical check-up can help you know how healthy your kidneys are.  Your doctor can check for kidney disease with ‘’a urine test’’and ‘’blood test’’. A urine test checks if there is albumin in your urine and a blood test also  tells how well your kidneys are working to remove waste from your body.


Manage your blood sugar

High blood sugar levels can cause blood vessels inside the kidney to become narrow and clogged and can cause damage to the blood vessels and harm the kidneys. Therefore it’s important to manage your blood sugar levels to help keep your kidney healthy. 

Control your blood pressure.

High blood pressure is one of the contributing factors of kidney failure. Therefore it’s appropriate to control and keep your blood pressure at its normal level. 

Maintain a healthy weight 

Overweight or obesity can increase your risk of getting a kidney disease.  So if you’re overweight, ask your dietitian to create a realistic weight-loss plan for you.

Eat a hearty-healthy diet

A healthy balanced diet can reduce your risk of kidney disease. The diet must be low in sugar and cholesterol and high in fiber, whole grains, and fruits and vegetables  which will helps keep your blood pressure and cholesterol at a healthy level and also prevent weight gain.

Healthy diet

Limit alcohol intake

Excessive intake of alcohol can cause your blood pressure and the extra calories in it can make you gain weight as well. So it’s recommended to limit your alcohol intake to prevent kidney failure. 

How to prevent kidney failure

Quit smoking

Smoking reduces blood flow to your kidneys and causes your kidney to fail. Therefore stopping smoking will improve your general health and reduce your risk of these serious conditions like kidney failure, heart attacks or stroke. 

Reduce salt intake

Excessive intake of salt can cause your blood pressure to be high which intend can cause your kidney to fail. So it’s appropriate to limit your salt intake. 


Exercise regularly 

Regular exercise like swimming, walking, and running can help lower your blood pressure and reduce your risk of developing kidney disease.  At least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise is recommended for  2 or more days a week. 

Drinking enough water

When you’re dehydrated, the blood flow to your kidney is reduced and this can damage your kidney. Drinking enough water per day can help you prevent a kidney failure. 

Having a healthy kidneys and maintaining them must be ultimate goal because when your kidneys stop working and they can no longer do it job. 


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