Fertility is a bit of mystery until they begin seriously trying to get pregnant. But despite the many medical conditions, there are surprises that could make reproducing naturally difficult. What are the signs of High Fertility in a woman ? This article will explore more about fertility issues and the signs of High Fertility in a woman.
What is fertility?
Female fertility is a woman’s ability to conceive a biological child. More than 8 out of 10 couples where the woman is aged under 40 will get pregnant within one year if they have regular unprotected sex. More than 9 out of 10 couples will get pregnant within 2 years.
Regular, unprotected sex means having sex every 2 to 3 days without using contraception. You don’t need too much time having sex only around ovulation. Having vaginal sexual intercourse every 2 to 3 days will give you the best chance of getting pregnant. You and your partner might question your fertility if you’ve been trying to get pregnant with frequent, having unprotected sex for at least one year or at least six months if you’re older than 35 and with no success.
Signs of High Fertility in a woman
Here are signs of high fertility in a woman that shows that it may be easy for her to get pregnant, according to experts.
A Positive Result from Your Ovulation Predictor
This is one sign of fertility you don’t have to work too hard to detect. Ovulation predictor kits are test strips that you pee on with the goal of detecting when your body experiences a surge of luteinizing hormone (LH), which triggers the release of the egg from the ovary (aka ovulation).
A positive sign on your ovulation predictor kit signals that you should expect to ovulate within the next 36 hours. The best times to have sex are the day of the LH surge and the following two days.
Your Cervical Mucus Looks Different
When tracking fertility levels, one major physical indicator is the cervical mucus. Your body discharges different types of cervical fluid depending on where you are in your menstrual cycle.
Right before and during ovulation, cervical mucus increases and takes on physical qualities such as:
- Texture similar to egg whites
- Clear, white, or yellow color
- Stretchy or slick consistency
The quality of ovulation mucus serves two fertility purposes:
- The stretchy, slick consistency helps sperm navigate upwards toward the egg
- The increase in slick mucus makes sex more pleasurable
When you notice this change in your cervical mucus, you’re likely at peak fertility.
Increased Sex Drive
Mother Nature is pretty smart: When you enter your fertile window (meaning the days when you’re most likely to conceive), right before ovulation, your sexual desire rises due to a jump in hormones such as estrogen and testosterone. (A pretty fun sign of fertility, no?) Not only will your sex drive shift into high gear during this time, but your body will also undergo subtle changes that make you feel sexier—and make your partner more drawn to you too. Those changes may include slightly fuller lips, a higher pitched voice and a change in your face structure, your walk and the way your hips move.
You Feel Ovulation Cramps
If you’re thinking to yourself, Aren’t cramps once per month bad enough, we get it. Luckily, ovulation cramping doesn’t last as long as menstrual cramping. Even better, it’s a great sign of high fertility.
Called mittelschmerz (“middle pain”) in German, ovulation cramps occur during ovulation for about 20% of women. During this time, the release of an egg causes your ovary to stretch, potentially irritating the lining of your abdomen. This can leave you with a pain that’s:
- Dull, achy, or cramp-like
- Sharp or sudden
- Shifted to one side of your abdomen
- Present for a few minutes to a few hours
It’s important to note that ovulation pain should be tolerable and occur only around ovulation. If you experience severe ovulation cramps or more frequent pelvic pain, consult your OB/GYN or medical professional.
Change in Your Cervical Position
The cervix is at the top portion of the vagina and is what dilates during labor and childbirth. The cervix tends to change throughout your menstrual cycle, and when you’re close to ovulation your cervix will become higher, softer and more open. While you may think only your ob-gyn can check your cervix, it’s actually possible for you to do it on your own, although it may take some practice to know how to check for it and understand what you’re feeling.
Your Breasts Feel Sore
Feeling a little achy across your chest? Unless you’re menstruating (or have recently been working on your pushup game), you may be experiencing breast tenderness from ovulation.
Two hormonal shifts can leave you with tender breasts around ovulation. Right before ovulation, estrogen levels rise and may trigger breast soreness. Right after ovulation, estrogen levels drop while progesterone levels rise, potentially causing tender breasts or sensitive nipples.
Remember, breast pain can have many causes beyond ovulation. Make sure your achiness isn’t a result of:
- Injuries or accidents
- Unsupportive bras
- Medication (hormone therapies, Digitalis, Chlorpromazine, etc.)
- Breast cysts or bumps
What causes female fertility problems?
Various medical issues can contribute to female fertility problems, including:
- Ovulation disorders, which affect the release of eggs from the ovaries. These include hormonal disorders such as polycystic ovary syndrome, hyperprolactinemia and thyroid problems (hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism).
- Uterine or cervical abnormalities, such as polyps or fibroids in the uterus.
- Fallopian tube damage or blockage, which is often caused by pelvic inflammatory disease.
- Endometriosis, which occurs when tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus grows outside the uterus.
- Primary ovarian insufficiency (early menopause), which occurs when the ovaries stop working and menstruation ends before age 40.
- Pelvic adhesions — bands of scar tissue that bind organs after pelvic infection, appendicitis, or abdominal or pelvic surgery.
- Medical conditions associated with the absence of menstruation, such as poorly controlled diabetes, celiac disease and some autoimmune diseases such as lupus.
Age also plays a role. Delaying pregnancy can decrease the likelihood that you’ll be able to conceive. A decline in the quantity and quality of your eggs with age makes it harder to conceive.
How to protect your fertility
Healthy lifestyle choices count here, too. To protect your fertility:
- Don’t smoke. Tobacco use is associated with lower fertility. Smoking ages your ovaries and depletes your eggs prematurely. If you smoke, ask your health care provider to help you quit.
- Limit the amount of alcohol you drink. Heavy drinking is associated with an increased risk of ovulation disorders. If you’d like to get pregnant, consider avoiding alcohol completely. Abstinence at conception and during pregnancy is generally recommended because a safe level of fetal alcohol consumption hasn’t been established.
- Curb caffeine. Female fertility doesn’t seem to be affected by caffeine intake below 200 milligrams a day. Consider limiting your caffeine intake to one or two 6- to 8-ounce cups of coffee a day.
- Be wary of overexercise. Too much vigorous physical activity can inhibit ovulation and reduce production of the hormone progesterone. If you have a healthy weight and you’re thinking of becoming pregnant soon, consider limiting vigorous physical activity to less than five hours a week.
- Avoid exposure to toxins. Environmental pollutants and toxins — such as pesticides, dry-cleaning solvents and lead — can adversely affect fertility.